Stalking generally refers to harassing or threatening behavior that an individual engages in repeatedly, such as sending the victim unwanted presents, following or laying in wait for the victim, damaging or threatening to damage the victim's property, appearing at a victim's home or place of business, defaming the victim's character or spreading rumors, or harassing the victim via the Internet by posting personal information.
 As with perpetrators of physical and sexual violence, stalkers may be motivated by a desire to exert control over their victims. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, and U. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, November 2000, NCJ 183781.
It was also found that “[t]hose who disclosed the rape did not differ significantly from those who did not disclose on fear of intimacy or the attachment measures, although the differences were in the predicted direction”.
The cognition behind the anxiety is about being afraid of making mistakes, being incompetent, failing, or being judged on how they carry out partner-social interactions.Factors at all levels — individual, relationship, community, and societal — contribute to intimate partner violence.Preventing intimate partner violence requires reaching a clear understanding of those factors, coordinating resources, and fostering and initiating change in individuals, families, and society.Stalking and intimate partner violence may co-occur. Learn more about stalking from NIJ's Stalking Web page. Full Report of the Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings from the National Violence Against Women Survey. The results of this study showed that “Confidence in others’ dependability and comfort with closeness were negatively correlated with the FIS whereas fear of abandonment was not correlated with the FIS.