Few programs, to date, have been shown to prevent sexual violence perpetration.A systematic review conducted by CDC’s Injury Center, and updated by an ongoing review of newer evidence, has identified only three programs to date that have been shown to be Safe Dates is designed to prevent the initiation of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse in adolescent dating relationships.The most common prevention strategies currently focus on the victim, the perpetrator, or bystanders.Strategies that try to equip a potential victim with knowledge, awareness, or self-defense skills are referred to as “risk reduction techniques.” Strategies focused on a potential perpetrator attempt to change risk and protective factors for sexual violence to reduce the likelihood that an individual will engage in sexually violent behavior.The goals of this program are to prevent sexually violent behavior toward women by: Real Consent consists of six 30-minute web-based, interactive modules that include didactic activities and episodes of a serial drama to model sexual communication, consent, and positive bystander behaviors.A study found that the program was effective in decreasing sexual violence perpetration and increasing positive bystander behavior at 6 month follow-up in a sample of college-aged men.Shifting Boundaries is designed to reduce the incidence and prevalence of dating violence and sexual harassment among adolescents.
The program consists of a 5-hour training in bystander behavior for peer opinion leaders and campus/school-wide “persuasive speeches” to educate and engage the population.
Coaching Boys Into Men is a dating violence prevention program that uses the relationships between high school athletes and their coaches to change social norms and behaviors.
The program consists of a series of 11 brief coach-to-athlete trainings that illustrate ways to model respect and promote healthy relationships.
The solutions, however, are just as complex as the problem.
Prevention efforts should ultimately decrease the number of individuals who perpetrate sexual violence and the number of individuals who are victims.